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Motivated resistance does not underlie all instances of novo nordisk moscow of attitudinal or behavioral change.

Persuasion attempts may be poorly designed or Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA, or their impact may be reduced by interfering influences from other sources.

Following Knowles and Linn (2004, p. Motivated resistance acknowledges that people are Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA with resistance strategies that may impede even well designed campaigns. More formally, it entails a state Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA which people aim to reduce attitudinal or behavioral change and maintain their current attitude.

Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA doing so, people oppose, counter, and resist persuasive attempts by adopting strategies such as counter arguing or avoidance. These strategies to actively resist persuasion are the focus of this paper. Our conceptualization of resistance echoes McGuire (1964), who regarded resistance to persuasion as a property of a person that could be enhanced by message or context factors.

Resistance to persuasion has been studied in many research domains, such as social psychology, marketing, health, and neurocomputing Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA. Massage breast domains are Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA linked to each other but Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA show many different approaches to the topic of resistance toward persuasion.

Due to this rather disconnected nature of previous work on resistance toward persuasion, we emphasize that we do not claim to provide Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA exhaustive review of the literature.

However, we do propose a preliminary framework that organizes available resistance strategies and motivational factors that explain why people resist and when particular resistance strategies condom catheter Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA. The purpose of this article is therefore twofold.

First, we review and make a first attempt to Aripiprazole Tablets (Aripiprazole Tablets)- FDA existing literature on resistance.

This offers an overview of the strategies that people use to resist Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA persuasion. Second, we present a preliminary framework that proposes when these resistance strategies are most likely to be adopted. This framework (a) offers a guideline for communication practitioners who aim to persuade people toward, for example, healthier behavior and (b) facilitates the development of resistance programs designed to help vulnerable people resist unwanted persuasion.

This article is structured as follows. First, we present an overview of resistance strategies, explaining how people resist persuasion. In doing so, we organize the existing literature into four main types of strategies that people might adopt when exerting resistance: Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA strategies, contesting strategies, biased processing strategies, and empowerment strategies.

Next, we argue that the type of resistance strategy people adopt depends on the motives they have for resisting the message, namely, threat to freedom, reluctance to change, and concerns about deception.

These three motives for people to resist persuasion are introduced and discussed separately in conjunction with message and personality factors that are likely to affect them.

Finally, we present a preliminary framework in which the use of the different resistance strategies is predicted by the different resistance motives. This results in a set of propositions describing the relationships between resistance strategies and underlying motives.

This section reviews the different strategies that individuals apply to resist Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA. We group the strategies into four clusters. The first cluster consists of avoidance strategies. These are the most passive strategies, and involve the mere avoidance of persuasion attempts.

The second cluster consists of contesting strategies. This includes the active challenging of the message, the source, or persuasion tactics used.

The third cluster consists of biased processing strategies, which involves strategies by which b virus hepatitis selectively process or understand the message Synagis (Palivizumab)- FDA such way that it favors their original attitudes or behavior.

The fourth cluster, empowerment strategies, consists of strategies where individuals assert their own, existing views instead Carteolol (Carteolol Hydrochloride)- Multum challenging the persuasive communication.



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