Your support will help to make this project a reality. Many ascribed their misfortune to the natural elements, called it quits, and moved on. New York Times , February 7. Roots of the Progressives Greenback Labor Party- anti-monopoly, pro- paper currency, pro union Greenback Labor Party- anti-monopoly, pro-. At the Democratic National Convention in , the assembled delegates nominated William Jennings Bryan, an avid supporter of free silver, for president. The Wizard manages to provide everyone with something to satisfy their desire.

Silver shoes on a golden road? Littlefield’s knowledge of the s was thin, and he made numerous errors, but since his article was published, scholars in history, [8] political science, [1] and economics [7] have asserted that the images and characters used by Baum closely resemble political images that were well known in the s. With Rockoff, the allegorical interpretation reached a peak of sophistication, yet its subsequent decline was no less precipitous than that of the Populist Party itself. Second, the Celestial Kingdom was the only major nation still on the silver standard. I would suggest that Baum was trying to make the point that it was foolish, and would change nothing, to pin all your hopes on the gimmick of inflating the currency and trying to artificially raise the price of crops and in the process the price of everything else.

Not respected, not even by the crows. New York TimesFebruary 7. Our campaign to raise support to conserve Dorothy’s Ruby Slippers and our Populism and the World of Oz.

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littlefield thesis wizard of oz

Bywhen Bryan was again defeated by McKinley, Populism already had one foot in the political grave. Eventually, he was patched up with tin. Moreover, the road to the land of the Quadlings is perilous and rife with dangers. Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch of the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs.


His conduct on the journey through Oz is marked by common sense, resilience, and rectitude. Blog Home About Archive. Populists advocated for bimetallism the coining of both gold and silvernationalizing the railroads, a graduated income tax, and a decrease in immigration.

So Was the Wizard of Oz an Allegory for Populism?

The postmortem on the symbolic reading of Baum soon followed. Published by Reynaldo Burr Modified over 4 years ago. The Land of Oz is colorful, to say littleield least, and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is replete with references to gold, silver, and green.

littlefield thesis wizard of oz

The Wizard manages to provide everyone with something to satisfy their desire. For the Broadway production Baum inserted explicit references to prominent political characters such as President Theodore Roosevelt.

In the book and the play the shoes pittlefield silver, not ruby as they were famously depicted in the film. His rusty joints had to be lubricated.

Frank Baum’s Editorials on the Sioux Nation”. Other Independent Review articles by Quentin P. In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: Your support wizaed help to make this project a reality.

Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History

Second, the Celestial Kingdom was the only major nation still on the silver standard. Coxey, who hoped to meet with President Cleveland, was arrested for trespassing, and his proposals were ignored.


Littlefield’s article seems littleifeld to have been taken to heart and was generally forgotten, until Gore Vidalwriting about Oz in The New York Review of Books in iz, mentioned the article, and the idea littledield off.

The Wizard of Oz: Incorporating the analogies developed by Littlefield and others, and adding a few of his own, Rockoff provided a detailed and sustained analysis of the political and economic issues symbolically refracted in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

May also be comment on child labor Lollipop Guild. Some of these interpretations even contradict each other, and others invented political leanings for Baum. His editorials for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer expressed support for Republican candidates and criticized the nascent Populist movement.

The Wizard of Oz: A Parable for Populism?

On the surface, this verdict is confirmed by Ranjit S. A number of these references have been noted already, but the story makes several others. In the book version of Oz, Dorothy treads the Yellow Brick Road in silver shoes, not in wizarf slippers. In the end, it is Dorothy and her silver shoes that get her home.